As with any dating technique, there are some significant limitations.
and the ages of fossil hominids, molecular dating and divergence times for mammalian lineages, meteorites and the age of the solar system, and the use of color-magnitude diagrams for assessing ages of collections of stars.
Potassium-Argon Dating Potassium-Argon dating is the only viable technique for dating very old archaeological materials.
Geologists have used this method to date rocks as much as 4 billion years old.
The potassium-argon age of some meteorites is as old as 4,500,000,000 years, and volcanic rocks as young as 20,000 years old have been measured by this method.
Potassium is a common element found in many materials, such as micas, clay minerals, tephra, and evaporites.
In these materials, the decay product Ar is able to escape the liquid (molten) rock, but starts to accumulate when the rock solidifies (recrystallizes).
Time since recrystallization is calculated by measuring the ratio of the amount of The quickly cooled lavas that make nearly ideal samples for K–Ar dating also preserve a record of the direction and intensity of the local magnetic field as the sample cooled past the Curie temperature of iron.
The geomagnetic polarity time scale was calibrated largely using K–Ar dating.